Conservation trade-offs: Island introduction of a threatened predator suppresses invasive mesopredators but eliminates a seabird colony (2020) Scoleri et al., Biological Conservation, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108635
Invasive species are a nightmare for local wildlife wherever they are, but on islands they’re even worse. Introduced predators can wipe out entire populations of species, as Tibbles the cat and his fellow feral buddies demonstrated in the extreme when they drove the Lyall’s wren extinct. On coastal islands this is a recurring theme. An invasive ‘mesopredator’ – like the American Mink in Europe or the cat in Australia – is introduced and quickly goes to work, often on small mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians alike.
Sometimes, but not always, introducing a top predator to an area can suppress the activities of the mesopredator. They can outcompete the mesopredator for resources, or begin to prey on them. The problem is, that if that top predator goes after the same food as the mesopredator, the local prey species suffer either way.Read more